Economic Impact of Non-Communicable Disease
Prof. Bhisma Murti
Graduate Program in Public Health, Graduate Program, Sebelas Maret University
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) pose a substantial global economic burden. This burden will increase into an astounding one over the next two decades. Cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, cancer, diabetes and mental health conditions are the four dominant contributors to the global economic burden of NCDs. Although high-income countries currently bear the biggest economic burden of NCDs, the developing world, especially middle-income countries, is expected to assume an ever larger share as their economies and populations grow. WHO has identified a set of cost-effective interventions they call “Best Buys” that are feasible and appropriate for use in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). These interventions include among others reduced consumption of tobacco, alcohol and salt; improved awareness of healthy life styles; increased excise taxes; enhanced regulation, prevention and management of heart disease and strokes, as well as early detection and treatment of cancer.